by the great scientific and technical potential of Russia in the area of thermonuclear research. It was in 1950 when academicians
Andrei Sakharov and Igor Tamm suggested using magnetic field for plasma confinement.
Later the outstanding Russian scientists under the direction of academician Lev Artsymovich developed and used the concept
of thermonuclear facility – TOKAMAK (Toroidal Chamber Magnetic Coil), which later became the world leader in
the controlled thermonuclear fusion research. This facility is assumed as the basis of ITER thermonuclear reactor.
Besides, Russia is the initiator of the ITER Project. The idea of constructing the international thermonuclear reactor was put
forward and actively supported by Presidents Mikhail Gorbachev, Ronald Reagan, and Francois Mitterrand.
Due to participation in the Project Russia currently has the complete set of the design documentation of the ITER reactor.
Russian contribution in the ITER Project lies in manufacture and delivery of the high-technology equipment, major reactor systems,
which make 10% of the reactor construction cost according to the detailed design.